Estimated annual losses because of cyberattacks will reach $6 Trillion by 2021. Every 11 seconds, one business will be under cyber attack by 2021. These are certified industrial survey reports.
Cyber Security is all about maintaining a safe and secure online space or network to keep attackers or hackers at bay from stealing confidential data. There is a growing concern among end-users and organizations alike about their data and privacy. Let’s discuss these threats in brief and how to tackle them. Here is a rundown of the contents we will be discussing:
- What is a Cyber Security threat?
- What are the types of Cyber Security threats?
- How to tackle these threats?
What is a Cyber Security threat?
A Cyber Security threat is a cyber-attack or security vulnerability during which an attacker gains unauthorized access to another entity’s data to steal confidential data, assets, intellectual property, and other sensitive data. Take up Cyber Security certifications online to validate your competency in securing a company’s network and data.
What are the types of Cyber Security threats?
There are various types of cyber threats present in this digital world. One need to be very careful on these types in order to be protected from potential hacker online. Below are the types of Cyber Security threats that are most common these-
Malware: This is the most common type of cyber attack that you will hear. It is a malicious code like software, spyware, ransomware, worms, viruses, etc., which gets installed in your Personal Computer or organization’s network just by clicking a normal-looking link present in a website or an email.
Phishing: It involves clicking a link from a seemingly legitimate source. But the truth is that it is a hacker-developed email to act as a trap to install the malicious code to your system. This threat can also leak your credit or debit card credentials.This threat is a part of the social engineering attack. This threat most commonly happens because of human foolishness and a hacker’s smartness..
Denial of Service Attack: It is a threat that involves flooding networks, systems, or servers with massive traffic and making it paralyzed to fulfill legit requests. Usually, ticket booking services, shopping, etc., face these threats. These can also use infected devices to trigger attacks. This threat is also known as Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS).
Man in the Middle Attack: This is a common cyber threat that occurs between two-party communication. In this type of attack, a hacker can access sensitive data and send different responses to users.
Ransomware: This type of threat involves hackers conducting a malware attack on a computer, user’s account, or an organization’s network and then locks it or encrypts it to use it to threaten to leak the data online as personal vengeance or for economic gains. The hacker won’t give you back the authority unless you pay the asked ransom.
There are many more threats than what we discussed here, like SQL-Injection, DNS Attack, Sphear Phishing, Advanced Persistent Threat (APT), Zero-Day Threat, etc. And with the recent Covid-19 pandemic hitting hard, we have shifted our offices to home, thus relying on mobile devices a lot for Work From Home, which increases the danger evermore. And with the rise of the Internet of Things (IoT) based devices. We are at constant threat of a possible cyber attack. Hence, without proper knowledge in Cyber Security, you are always vulnerable to hackers.
How to tackle these threats?
Let’s lay down key points that every individual and corporation must keep in mind to keep cyber-attacks at bay, and they are:
- Train employees and make them aware of the current Cybersecurity threats and how they can identify and tackle them.
- Every company must comply to set industry standards while dealing with data following geographical regulations and must stay abreast.
- Employ qualified Cyber Security experts or White Hat Hackers whose job is to find out the loopholes in your networks and patch them accordingly.
- Always conduct regular system, software updates, and data back-ups.
- Generate several contingency plans for a surprise data breach. And create false traps to prevent them from accessing sensitive data.
- Ensure website’s encryption and security with Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) and HTTPS.
- Every individual who is going online must ensure that he/she has an antivirus installed in their computer/laptop.
- Use Virtual Private Network (VPN) if you can always to assure encryption of your data.
- And you must be alert always and never click a link if it’s not trustable.